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Autoimmune Disease

 

WHAT IS AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE?

Your body's immune system protects you from disease and infection. But if you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system attacks healthy cells in your body by mistake. Autoimmune diseases can affect many parts of the body. These diseases tend to run in families. Women are at  a higher risk for some autoimmune diseases.

There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases, and some have similar symptoms. This makes it hard for your health care provider to know if you really have one of these diseases, and if so, which one. Getting diagnosed can be frustrating and stressful. In many people, the first symptoms are being tired, muscle aches and low fever.

The diseases may also have flare-ups, when they get worse, and remissions, when they all but disappear. The diseases do not usually go away, but symptoms can be treated.

FEW EXAMPLES OF AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES:

Anklosing Spondylitis

Grave’s Disease

Multiple Sclerosis

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Vasculitis

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Celiac Sprue-Dermatitis

Crohn’s Disease

Guillain-Barre

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type I)

Myasthenia Gravis

Polyarteritis Nodosa

Psoriasis

Raynaud’s Phenomenon

Sarcoidosis

Scleroderma

Sjogren’s Syndrome

Takayasu Arteritis

Temporal Arteritis/Giant Cell Arteritis

Ulcerative Colitis

Vitiligo

Wegener’s granulomatosis

INCIDENCE OF AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES:

These diseases are very rare in general population & they are difficult to diagnose early due to their misleading symptoms. But we found that incidence of autoimmune diseases are increasing in our community since last few years. So need awareness for the same for prompt diagnosis of these diseases.

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